Now that your varnish is up and running lets have a look at how it is doing. There are several tools that can help.


The varnishtop utility reads the shared memory logs and presents a continuously updated list of the most commonly occurring log entries.

With suitable filtering using the -I, -i, -X and -x options, it can be used to display a ranking of requested documents, clients, user agents, or any other information which is recorded in the log.

varnishtop -i rxurl will show you what URLs are beeing asked for by the client. varnishtop -i txurl will show you what your backend is beeing asked the most. varnishtop -i RxHeader -I Accept-Encoding will show the most popular Accept-Encoding header the client are sendning you.


The varnishhist utility reads varnishd(1) shared memory logs and presents a continuously updated histogram showing the distribution of the last N requests by their processing. The value of N and the vertical scale are displayed in the top left corner. The horizontal scale is logarithmic. Hits are marked with a pipe character (“|”), and misses are marked with a hash character (“#”).


Varnishsizes does the same as varnishhist, except it shows the size of the objects and not the time take to complete the request. This gives you a good overview of how big the objects you are serving are.


Varnish has lots of counters. We count misses, hits, information about the storage, threads created, deleted objects. Just about everything. varnishstat will dump these counters. This is useful when tuning varnish.

There are programs that can poll varnishstat regularly and make nice graphs of these counters. One such program is Munin. Munin can be found at . There is a plugin for munin in the varnish source code.

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