[4.0] 46b6b56 Add a message about persistent storage being deprecated now.

Poul-Henning Kamp phk at FreeBSD.org
Tue Jun 24 11:31:52 CEST 2014

commit 46b6b56da4fdbea9cb86c2e69fa20e6370447c0d
Author: Poul-Henning Kamp <phk at FreeBSD.org>
Date:   Mon May 26 20:53:02 2014 +0000

    Add a message about persistent storage being deprecated now.

diff --git a/doc/sphinx/phk/index.rst b/doc/sphinx/phk/index.rst
index 40a4830..3cef4af 100644
--- a/doc/sphinx/phk/index.rst
+++ b/doc/sphinx/phk/index.rst
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ You may or may not want to know what Poul-Henning thinks.
 .. toctree::
 	:maxdepth: 1
+	persistent.rst
diff --git a/doc/sphinx/phk/persistent.rst b/doc/sphinx/phk/persistent.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..33af07c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/doc/sphinx/phk/persistent.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,98 @@
+.. _phk_pesistent:
+A persistent message
+This message is about -spersistent and why you should not use it,
+even though it is still present in Varnish 4.x.
+Under narrow and ill defined circumstances, -spersistent works well,
+but in general it is more trouble than it is worth for you to run
+it, and we don't presently have the development resources to fix that.
+If you think you have these circumstances, you need to specify
+	-sdeprecated_persistence
+in order to use it.
+The long story
+When we added -spersistent, to Varnish, it was in response to, and
+sponsored by a specific set of customers who really wanted this.
+A persistent storage module is an entirely different kettle of vax
+than a non-persistent module, because of all the ugly consistency
+issues it raises.
+Let me give you an example.
+Imagine a cluster of some Varnish servers on which bans are used.
+Without persistent storage, if one of them goes down and comes back
+up, all the old cached objects are gone, and so are, by definition
+all the banned objects.
+With persistent storage, we not only have to store the still live
+bans with the cached objects, and keep the two painfully in sync,
+so the bans gets revived with the objects, we also have to worry
+about missing bans duing the downtime, since those might ban objects
+we will recover on startup.
+Ouch:  Straight into database/filesystem consistency territory.
+But we knew that, and I thought I had a good strategy to deal with
+And in a sense I did.
+Varnish has the advantage over databases and filesystems that we
+can actually loose objects without it being a catastrophy.  It would
+be better if we didn't, but we can simply ditch stuff which doesn't
+look consistent and we'll be safe.
+The strategy was to do a "Log Structured Filesystem", a once promising
+concept which soon proved very troublesome to implement well.
+Interestingly, today the ARM chip in your SSD most likely implements
+a LFS for wear-levelling, but with a vastly reduced feature set:
+All "files" are one sector long, filenames are integers and there
+are no subdirectories or rename operations.  On the other hand,
+there is extra book-keeping about the state of the flash array.
+A LFS consists of two major components:  The bit that reads and
+writes, which is pretty trivial, and the bit which makes space
+available which isn't.
+Initially we didn't even do the second part, because in varnish
+objects expire, and provided they do so fast enough, the space will
+magically make itself available.  This worked well enough for our
+initial users, and they only used bans sporadically so that was
+cool too.
+In other words, a classic 20% effort, 80% benefit.
+Unfortunately we have not been able to find time and money for the
+other 80% effort which gives the last 20% benefit, and therefor
+-spersistent has ended up in limbo.
+Today we decided to officially deprecate -spersistent, and start
+warning people against using it, but we will leave it in the source
+code for now, in order to keep the interfaces necessary for a
+persistent storage working, in the hope that we will get to use
+them again later.
+So you can still use persistent storage, if you really want to,
+and if you know what you're doing, by using:
+	-sdeprecated_persistent
+You've been warned.
+Poul-Henning, 2014-05-26

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