libvmod-dns (super alpha)

Kenneth Shaw kenshaw at
Mon Apr 1 13:21:14 CEST 2013


I spent a bit of time today developing a DNS module for Varnish.

It is available here:

The reason for this development is to cut off bots that abuse the
User-Agent string (ie, claiming to be Googlebot/bingbot/etc.) by doing a
reverse and then forward DNS against the client.ip/X-Forwarded-For header
and comparing with a regex against the resultant domain.

The logic is meant to work something like this:

sub vcl_recv {
    # do a dns check on "good" crawlers
    if (req.http.user-agent ~ "(?i)(googlebot|bingbot|slurp|teoma)") {
        # do a reverse lookup on the client.ip (X-Forwarded-For) and check
that its in the allowed domains
        set req.http.X-Crawler-DNS-Reverse =

        # check that the RDNS points to an allowed domain -- 403 error if
it doesn't
        if (req.http.X-Crawler-DNS-Reverse !~
"(?i)\.(googlebot\.com|search\.msn\.com|crawl\.yahoo\.net|ask\.com)$") {
            error 403 "Forbidden";

        # do a forward lookup on the DNS
        set req.http.X-Crawler-DNS-Forward =

        # if the client.ip/X-Forwarded-For doesn't match, then the
user-agent is fake
        if (req.http.X-Crawler-DNS-Forward != req.http.X-Forwarded-For) {
            error 403 "Forbidden";

While this is not being used in production (yet), I plan to do so later
this week against a production system receiving ~10,000+ requests/sec. I
will report back afterwards.

I realize the code currently has issues (memory, documentation, etc.),
which will be fixed in the near future.

I also realize there are better ways to head malicious bots off at the pass
through DNS, etc (which we are doing as well). The largest issue here for
my purposes is that it is difficult / impossible to identify all traffic.
Additionally, it is nice to be able to monitor the actual traffic coming
through and not completely dropping it at the edge.

Any input/comments against what I've written so far would be gladly
appreciated! Thanks!

-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <>

More information about the varnish-dev mailing list